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Jida

Jida

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The loch (Elaeagnus) is not a single specific plant, but a numerous genus of shrubs and trees that belong to the Lokhov family. According to rough estimates today there are 50-70 species of sucker, which grow mainly in China, Japan and Europe. In our country, in natural conditions, only 1 species of this plant can be found - Loch narrow-leaved (Elaeagnus commutata).

In general, mentioning the sucker, means above all its fruits - red-orange stone-seeds with a powdery, sweet-tasting, and elliptical bone. Loss of the narrow-leaved berries are eaten, as a rule, fresh. Nevertheless, it is often used as a dietary supplement, which is part of the bread, various cereals and other dishes. In addition, from the berries of the sucker often make healing infusions and decoctions, the use of which has a beneficial effect not only on certain human organs, but also on the entire body.

The garden form of this plant is also known, which is called Bukhara jida. It is a small-sized tree or shrub, which is cultivated in order to obtain fairly small tart-sweet fruits that are slightly knitted. They are eaten like a sucker berry.

It is noteworthy that in folk medicine, not only is the sucker berry itself valued, but all the other parts of this plant - useful substances are part of not only its fruits, but also flowers, leaves, bark and resin. In particular, the sucker berry contains a large amount of carbohydrates, natural dyes, tannins, organic acids, phosphates and potassium salts. The leaves of the plant are rich in vitamins C and E, and the flowers - an unusually fragrant essential oil.

The sugary-leaved berry, along with the rest of its parts, is used as a natural antibacterial, antiviral and astringent, which helps with various inflammatory processes. Infusions and decoctions and leaves of the sucker have an antipyretic effect - they are advised to take with fever and cold, as well as osteochondrosis, gout and rheumatism.

The use of the sucker berry has a beneficial effect on the state of the nervous system, helps to improve memory, facilitate the flow of malaria. It has a diuretic and expectorant effect. In addition, the sucker berry is a tonic and tonic remedy, which is recommended for diseases of the cardiovascular system. Cooked from dried berries of the sucker broth is often used for colitis and diarrhea.

Calorie berries sucker 34 kcal
Energy value berries sucker (The ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates - bju):

  • Protein: 0.2 g (~ 1 kcal)
  • Fat: 0.1 g (~ 1 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates: 7.9 g. (~ 32 kcal)
  • Energy ratio (b | W | y): 2% | 3% | 93%